how long can spiders live without food?

how long can spiders live without food

Spider Lifespan

Spiders, those intriguing eight-legged creatures, have fascinated humans for centuries. With their ability to spin intricate webs and catch prey, spiders are known for their predatory nature. But have you ever wondered how long spiders can live without food? In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of spider lifespan and delve into the question of how long spiders can survive without nourishment.

Spider Feeding Habits

Before we dive into the topic of food deprivation in spiders, it is essential to understand their feeding habits. Spiders are carnivorous creatures that primarily feed on insects and other small arthropods. They use their silk-spinning abilities to create intricate webs that serve as traps for unsuspecting prey. Once caught in the web, spiders immobilize their victims using venomous bites and then proceed to feast on them. Spiders have adapted to various feeding strategies depending on their species.

Some spiders are active hunters that pursue their prey with agility and speed. Others are passive hunters that patiently wait in their webs for insects to become entangled. Additionally, certain spider species are known to display cannibalistic behavior, feeding on other spiders, including members of their own species.

Food Deprivation in Spiders

While spiders have adapted to survive in diverse environments, they still require sustenance to maintain their metabolic functions. Like all living organisms, spiders need energy to survive and reproduce. The absence of food can have significant implications for a spider's survival and overall lifespan.

How Long Can Spiders Live Without Food?

The duration spiders can survive without food varies depending on several factors, including the species, age, and environmental conditions. In general, most spiders can go without food for several weeks, but this period can extend up to several months. Spider species that are adapted to habitats with seasonal variations in prey availability often have mechanisms to cope with food deprivation. These spiders can lower their metabolic rate and enter a state of dormancy, which allows them to conserve energy and survive for extended periods without food.

How Long Can Spiders Live Without Food or Water?

While spiders can endure without food for significant periods, their ability to survive without water is limited. Like all living organisms, spiders require water for vital physiological functions. However, the amount of time a spider can survive without water can vary depending on the species and environmental conditions. In general, spiders can survive without water for a shorter duration compared to food deprivation. Some spider species can last for a few days without water, while others may only survive for a few hours. The availability of water sources in their environment and the spider's ability to conserve water play crucial roles in their survival.


In conclusion, spiders have evolved to adapt to various environmental factors, including periods of limited food availability. While different spider species have varying abilities to withstand food deprivation, most can survive for several weeks to months without nourishment. However, the absence of water poses a more immediate threat to a spider's survival. Understanding the intricacies of spider lifespan and their ability to survive without food is not only fascinating but also helps us appreciate these remarkable creatures and the resilience of life in the natural world.